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Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Diagram of the 4 stages of Periodontal Disease used by Anchorage dentist at Spalding Dental.Taking care of your mouth is important. The American Dental Association recommends that you brush your teeth twice a day and floss at least once a day. It is also recommended that you have your teeth professionally cleaned and don't miss your bi-annual exams. Ignoring any part of your oral hygiene can significantly increase your risk of developing periodontal disease. When periodontal disease develops, getting treatment right away is crucial. Spalding Dental can help.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, commonly called gum disease, is an issue that begins as a result of a bacterial infection. When bacteria build up in your mouth, they begin to irritate your gums. This irritation leads to inflammation or swelling.

Eventually, swollen gums begin to pull away from the surfaces of your teeth, leading to the formation of periodontal pockets. These pockets begin to collect bacteria, which continue to attack your gums while also attacking your periodontal ligaments and your jawbone. Over time, the periodontal pockets grow deeper, and your gum line recedes. The longer you go without treatment, the worse the condition becomes. You may even be faced with loose teeth and tooth loss.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

There are many symptoms associated with periodontal disease. The exact symptoms you experience will vary based on how severe your particular situation is. Symptoms of periodontal disease include
•  Gums that are red and swollen. They may also bleed when you brush and floss. These are the earliest symptoms of periodontal disease. They indicate the earliest, and most easily treated, stage, gingivitis. However, these symptoms often go ignored or even missed altogether.
•  Gum recession. Gum recession occurs when the infected gum tissue begins to die. When your gums recede, your teeth begin to appear longer, which can greatly affect the quality of your smile. This also increases your risk for tooth decay and cavities. As your gums recede, you may begin to notice small spaces appear between your teeth. If your gums recede too far, the roots of your teeth can become exposed, leaving you susceptible to tooth sensitivity.
•  Chronic bad breath. Bacteria and food particles become trapped in the periodontal pockets, where they cannot easily be brushed away. As a result, your breath can suffer, and it cannot be cured no matter what you do at home.
•  Loose teeth. As periodontal disease progresses, the bacteria in the periodontal pockets begin to attack the periodontal ligaments and your jawbone. As these structures weaken, your teeth become unstable. Loose teeth can lead to misalignment, which can affect your bite and your oral health.
•  Tooth loss. If the periodontal ligaments become too weak, they can no longer hold your teeth securely in place. As a result, they fall out or need to be extracted.

How is Periodontal Disease Treated?

We can provide treatment for periodontal disease, allowing us to help restore the health of your mouth and your quality of life. The exact type of treatment you receive depends on how severe the situation is. Treatments for periodontal disease include
•  Prophylaxis. This is a cleaning not unlike the ones you receive at your routine cleanings.
•  Scaling and root planing, deep cleaning of your teeth.
•  Periodontal maintenance. This is a series of regular exams and cleanings to ensure that your mouth continues to heal after initial treatment.
•  Pocket reduction surgery. This treatment is often used when the periodontal pockets are too deep to effectively clean with scaling and root planing. If your jawbone has been affected, osseous surgery may also be performed at the same time.
•  Soft tissue grafting, which helps to restore a healthy, natural gum line following gum recession.
•  Bone-grafting This treatment is performed when you have suffered bone loss. A bone graft is often used if there is not enough bone mass to support dental implants.

Treating periodontal disease is essential for restoring and protecting the health of your mouth, and your overall health as well. If you notice any symptoms of periodontal disease, call Spalding Dental at (907) 276-7366 to schedule your appointment today.

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Spalding Dental's accepts Premera Blue Cross Blue Shield of Alaska, United Concordia Dental, Delta Dental, Aetna, Moba Health, Cigna, Tricare and Medicaid insurance providers

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